1. It’s turned over a new leaf
Long synonymous with cocaine cartels, kidnappings and corruption, the last two decades have seen Colombia evolve from failed narco state into one of Latin America’s brightest stars. The 1993 death of drug lord Pablo Escobar began this revival, which reached a new milestone in June with the signing of a peace deal between the government and Farc rebels, ending half a century of conflict.
2. Bogota is booming
The capital remains rough around the edges – the old town is not a place to be wandering around at night – but these are exciting times for this resurgent city. New restaurants, boutique hotels and craft breweries are springing up across Bogota, as local entrepreneurs capitalise on the country’s newfound peace. Meanwhile, the city’s tour guides offer edgy sightseeing excursions on bike and foot, which cover everything from architecture to politics.
3. Medellin is on the map
“Hello, welcome to our city,” shouted a passer-by, as I walked through Medellin recently. “Thanks for coming.” Such greetings are not uncommon in Colombia’s second city, which until recently was ground zero in the war on drugs. The memories linger, but Medellin is a city reborn: art, tourism and an impressive new cable car network have helped reverse the fortunes of this rambling metropolis, which, in 2013, was voted the world’s most innovative city.
Media Luna Hostel – Cartagena de Indias, Colombia
4. The street art is exceptional
Bogota’s decision to decriminalise graffiti in 2011 marked a creative new epoch for the city, whose flyovers, office blocks and municipal walls became canvases for some of the world’s best-loved street artists. Tours of the city bring context to some of Bogota’s most famous murals, which are potentially under threat: the new mayor is launching a crackdown on graffiti.
Cartagena is one of the best-preserved colonial cities in South America CREDIT: AP/FOTOLIA
5. It’s home to Cartagena
The jewel in Colombia’s crown, Cartagena is one of the most exquisite colonial cities in Latin America. Nestled on the Caribbean coast, its beauty belies an ugly truth: that it was built on gold and slavery. Still, it remains an exceptional destination; a place where colourful blooms spill from ornate balconies; where lovers watch sunsets from the city walls; where horses and carts clatter through the streets; and flash mobs dance in pretty plazas.
6. There’s a lost city
Constructed some 650 years before Peru’s Machu Picchu, Ciudad Perdida was only rediscovered in 1976. Little wonder it remained lost for so long: this ancient city is hidden in dense jungle atop the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta, a six-day hike from the nearest town. Trekking to the ruins of this mysterious city is one of Colombia’s most rewarding adventures, but not for the faint-hearted.
Ciudad Perdida predates Machu Picchu, but it’s much harder to reach CREDIT: AP/FOTOLIA
7. The all-night salsa clubs
The southern city of Cali has the honourable distinction of being Colombia’s salsa capital. The local clubs are centred around the Barrio Juanchito and tend to start warming up in the early hours of the morning. Dress sharp and expect to be swinging your hips till sunrise.
Cali is the place to go if you want to shake your thing to salsa CREDIT: GETTY
8. The magic of Mompox
Owing to its relative inaccessibility, Mompox has largely been bypassed by tourists, but it’s well worth making an effort for. Not only is this sleepy city a place of beauty, with its well-preserved architecture and riverside location, but it was also the inspiration behind Gabriel Garcia Márquez’s seminal novel, One Hundred Years of Solitude, whose wonderful prose haunts its streets.
The magical realism of One Hundred Years of Solitude is rooted in Mompox
9. The fresh Colombian coffee
Finding a good cup of coffee can be surprisingly difficult in Colombia: despite being renowned for its beans, most of the good stuff is exported. Happily, connoisseurs are helping reinvent the national drink in the major cities, while the Zona Cafetera, where most of the country’s beans are produced, is always good for a brew.
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10. The exotic fruits
Colombia’s exotic fruits are a highlight of any trip to the country. Head to a local market and sample the colourful cornucopia of fruits on display: from gorgeous guavas and delicious dragon fruits to zingy zapotes and luscious lulos, getting your five-a-day has never been easier.
11. There’s a subterranean salt cathedral
The quiet, colonial city of Zipaquirá, a short drive (or train trip) from Bogota, is home to one of Colombia’s most popular attractions: an underground salt cathedral. Opened in 1954, this church was hewn from the town’s subterranean salt deposits and was traditionally used by miners. Today it is a pilgrimage site for many Catholics.
A subterranean salt mine is an unlikely location for a cathedral CREDIT: ALAMY
12. Botero’s art abounds
The figurative painter and sculptor, Fernando Botero, is famed for his satirical works, which feature oversized subjects in exaggerated form. His sculptures can be found scattered around his hometown, Medellin, where he also has a permanent collection in the Museum of Antioquia. The Botero Museum in Bogota boats arguably the best collection of his works, much to the chagrin of Medellin.
The sculptor, Fernando Botero, is one of Colombia’s most famous sons CREDIT: AP/FOTOLIA
13. There’s the Turistren
Yes, it’s touristy, as the name suggests, but this heritage railway offers a unique perspective on Bogota and the surrounding countryside. Departing Sabana Station every Saturday and Sunday, the service offers an eye-opening trip through the Colombian capital – from the poor northern neighbourhoods to the well-healed southern suburbs – before arriving at Zipaquirá, where passengers can disembark for the salt cathedral.
14. Guatape’s scenery
It might look like a marvel of Mother Nature, but Guatape Lake is actually the result of a controversial dam, which irked many people who lived in this region. Ethics aside the result is rather beautiful and best observed from the top of La Piedra (The Rock)…
15. ‘The Rock’ needs climbing
As well as boasting sublime views of Lake Guatape, The Rock offers a good work out; the only way to the top is via a 650ft ornate staircase. Mercifully, there’s a bar at the summit where you can reward your labours with a Colombian-style michelada (a cocktail comprising cold beer, fresh lime and salt).
There’s a beer waiting at the top for those willing to climb The Rock CREDIT: AP/FOTOLIA
16. Tayrona National Park is bliss
A protected area in Colombia’s northern wilderness, Tayrona National Park has all the attributes you want from the Caribbean – swaying palms, sandy beaches, limpid lagoons and the like – but there’s a dangerous and rugged beauty about this coastal reserve, which is refreshingly free of development.
Tayrona National Park offers a rugged take on the Caribbean CREDIT: AP/FOTOLIA
17. The diving is dazzling
The Colombian islands of Providencia and Santa Catalina provide access to the third largest coral reef system on earth, where divers can admire colourful coral gardens, bountiful marine life and even sunken pirate ships. The Rosario Islands also offer excellent diving, just a short boat ride from Cartagena.
18. The Amazon is never far away
The Amazon basin covers almost one-third of Colombia’s territory, and few experiences can beat an excursion into this vast jungle. Boat trips depart from Leticia, in the Amazonas region, to the nearby Amacayu National Park, which abounds with stunning bird life and indigenous tribes.
19. The door is open to Escobar’s home
Proving that crime does sometimes pay (but inevitably catches up with you), Pablo Escobar built a sprawling ranch in Puerto Triunfo, which included a lavish house, motor museum and zoo, complete with elephants, giraffes and hippos. After Escobar was killed by police, most of the animals were relocated to Colombian zoos, while his ranch was turned into a bizarre theme park, which includes a small museum about the demise of the drug baron. And the hippos? They still roam the town, much to the annoyance of locals.
What happened to the hippos in Escobar’s private zoo? CREDIT: AP/FOTOLIA
20. There’s the world’s longest climb
Widely regarded as the longest cycling climb in the world, the Alto de Letras is a punishing 80km ride that climbs some 3,700m into the mountains where the air is thin. No wonder Colombians make such good cyclists.
21. The views from Las Lajas Cathedral
One of the most spectacular structures in Colombia, this exceptional church in Ipiales was built in the canyon of the Guáitara River, which, though an inconvenient place to construct a church, yielded spectacular results.